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18 January 2016

Top 10 Frigate Terkuat di Dunia

1:16 AM Posted by Ikh Sanudin No comments
 Type-54A [China]
10. Type-54A [China]

Strength: Anti-Air Warfare
Propulsion: Combined Diesel and Diesel (CODAD) propulsion with 4 Shaanxi diesel engines, each rated at 5700 kW, thus producing a total of 22,800 kW
  • 1 E-band Fregat-ME as its primary radar for surface and air search
  • 4 Front Dome fire control radars for HQ-16 SAM
  • 1 Mineral ME radar for guiding the anti-ship missiles
  • Hull mounted sonar
  • Towed array sonar
  • 1 x 76 mm dual purpose main gun
  • 8 x C-803 subsonic anti-ship missiles with 180 km range
  • 32 Vertical launch system (VLS) cells for 50 km range HQ-16 (Shtil) SAM with semi-active radar seeker.
  • 2 x Type-1130 Close in Weapons System (CIWS) with dedicated search, track and fire control radar.
  • 2 x 6 ASW rocket launchers for short range rockets
  • 2 triple 324 mm lightweight torpedo tubes
Type-54A [China] 2
  • It uses the relatively older Fregat-ME radar for surface and air search as its primary sensor.
  • There is no secondary long range radar for volume search.
  • 4 older generation mechanically scanning fire control radars for the SAM, limiting the number of aerial targets engaged simultaneously to 4.
  • First 18 frigates of the class lack the important variable depth sonar (VDS).

9. Shivalik class [India]

Shivalik class [India]
Strength: Anti-Submarine Warfare
Propulsion:
  • Combined Diesel or Gas (CODAG) propulsion. Using only diesel engines for low speed cruise and using only gas turbines for high speed cruise.
  • 2 x Pielstick diesel engines, each producing 11,300 kW for a total of 22,600 kW for low speed cruise at up to 22 knots.
  • 2 x LM 2500+ gas turbines, each producing 25,100 kW for a total of 50,200 kW for high speed cruise at 32+ knots (59+ km/hr) 
  • E-band Fregat-ME 3D radar as its primary radar for surface and air search
  • The secondary radar is the Elta EL/M-2238 STAR operating in the S-band. It is a multi-role radar with a range of 350+ km.
  • 2 Elta EL/M 2221 fire control radars are used for Barak-1 SAM guidance
  • 4 Orekh fire control radars are used for Shtil SAM guidance
  • 1 BEL Aparna radar for 2D surface search and providing targeting data for Klub/BrahMosanti-ship missiles
  • HUMSA-NG( Indian Hull Mounted Sonar Array- New Gen) and ATAS towed array sonar system
Shivalik class [India] 2
  • 8 Universal VLS cells for Klub/BrahMos anti-ship cruise missiles. They can also be used for land attack roles.
  • 1 x Single arm reloadable launcher for 24 Shtil-1 Surface to Air Missiles. They are semi-active radar homing and have a 40 km range.
  • 32 Barak-1 SAMs in VLS to act as Close in Weapons System (CIWS) and provide defense against sea-skimming cruise missiles.
  • 1 x 76 mm Oto Melara Super rapid Gun Mount (SRGM) with 120 rds/min rate of fire up to a range of 17 km. It is highly effective against surface and aerial threats.
  • 2 x Ak-630 30 mm Gatling guns as CIWS for last ditch defense against anti-ship missiles
  • 2 x RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers. Each launcher has 12 barrels and 96 reloadable rockets below the deck.
  • 2 x Twin 533 mm heavyweight torpedo tubes for engaging sub-surface threats.
  • It uses an outdated single-arm launcher for its primary Shtil-1 Surface to Air Missiles. It takes 6 seconds for the missile to reload and the firing arc is limited to the front of the ship. All other ships in this list have vertical launch systems for their primary SAM.
  • Older generation primary radar with mechanically scanning illuminators limit the number of aerial targets engaged simultaneously to 6 (4 can be targeted).
8. Fridtjof Nansen class [Norwegia]

Fridtjof Nansen class [Norway]
Strength: Anti-Submarine Warfare
Propulsion:  Combined diesel and gas (CODAG) propulsion with two diesel engines producing9MW for low speed cruise and one LM2500+ 21.5 MW gas turbine for high speed cruise. A total of 30.5 MW is generated during CODAG running.
  • The American SPY-1F multi-function PESA radar with 4 faces using AEGIS combat system as it’s primary radar.
  • MRS 2000 hull mounted sonar (HMS) and CAPTAS towed array sonar (TAS) provide comprehensive submarine detection capability
  • 2 x SPG-62 radars provide target illumination in the terminal interception stage for Evolved Sea Sparrow surface to air missiles
  • 1 x 76 mm Super Rapid gun for engaging surface and aerial threats
  • 8 x Mk41 cells for 32 Evolved Sea Sparrow (ESSM) surface to air missiles with a range of 50 km provide air defense
  • 8 NSM anti-ship/land attack cruise missiles with a 125 kg warhead and a 185+ km range
  • These ships have space for an additional 8 x Mk41 VLS module with 32 more ESSM
  • 4 x 324 mm torpedo tubes for stingray torpedoes provide ASW capability
  • It does not have a long range SAM like SM-2 to make full use of the capabilities provided by the SPY-1F radar
Fridtjof Nansen class [Norway] 2

7. Carlo Bergamini class [Italia]


Carlo Bergamini class [Italy]
Strength: Anti-Submarine Warfare
Propulsion:
  • These 6900 ton ships feature an extremely advanced hybrid electric propulsion system which is of the CODLAG (combined diesel-electric and gas turbine) type.
  • It has 1 × 32 MW LM2500+ gas turbine for normal operations.
  • For quiet anti-submarine operations, 2 × 2.5 MW electric motors (powered by 4 diesel generators) are used to run the ship.
  •  Selex MFRA multi-function active phased array radar which can detect targets 400+ km away and provide fire-control for the Aster SAMs
  • Selex NA-25X radars provide fire control for the 76 and 127 mm guns
  • Selex RAN-30X radar is used for surface search in 2D and to provide target designation for the Otomat and MILAS missiles
  • 1 x Oto Melara 127 mm gun with long range Vulcano guided shells for land attack and 1 x 76 mm gun with guided shells for engaging aerial and surface targets
  • 2 x Oto Melara 76 mm gun with guided shells (ASW variant)
  • 16 x A50 vertical launch cells for Aster-15/30 SAMs with 35+ km range and 120+ km range respectively provide long-range air defense coverage.
  • 4 Otomat anti-ship missiles with 200+ km range (GP variant )
  • 4 MILAS anti-submarine missiles with lightweight torpedo (ASW variant)
  • Comparatively small SAM loadout of 16 missiles for a large 6900 ton ship
Carlo Bergamini class [Italy] 2
6. Aquitaine class [Prancis]

Aquitaine class [France]
Strength: Land Attack
Propulsion:
  • Advanced hybrid electric-propulsion which is of the CODLOG type (Combined Diesel-Electric or Gas turbine)
  • It has 1 × 32 MW LM2500+ gas turbine for normal operations.
  • For quiet anti-submarine operations, 2 × 2.5 MW electric motors are used to run the ship.
  • Thales Herakles passive phased array radar which operates in the S-band and has a range of 250 km. It is a multi-fuction radar which can track surface and aerial targets and provide fire control for the Aster SAMs.
  • Vigy MM electro-optical fire control system for the 76 mm gun
  • 1 x 76 mm Oto Melara SRGM for engaging surface and aerial threats at a range of 15 km.
  • 16 A43 VLS cells are provided for the medium range Aster-15 SAM with a range of 35+ km
  • 16 A70 VLS cells are equipped with the 1000+ km range naval Scalp cruise missile for land attack roles
  • 8 Exocet Blk3 anti-ship missiles are present amidships for engaging ships at ranges of over 200 km
  • 2 twin tubes for MU90 lightweight torpedoes
  • 3 x Nexter’s NARWHAL 20B 20 mm remote weapons stations for engaging close in surface threats
  • There is only 1 main multi-function radar and no secondary search radar. All other ships in this list have at least 2 major radars.
Aquitaine class [France] 2
5. Álvaro de Bazán-class [Spanyol]

Álvaro de Bazán-class [Spain]
Strength: Anti-Air Warfare
Propulsion:  It has a CODOG (Combined Diesel and Gas Turbine) propulsion system with 2 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines and 2 × Caterpillar 3600 diesel engines.
  • Primary sensor is the 4 faced SPY-1D PESA radar with the AEGIS combat system. This gives it a world class air defense system which can detect targets at 300+ km. This radar can track hundreds of targets simultaneously. The SPY-1D also provides guidance for the surface to air missiles till the illuminators take over.
  • 2 × Raytheon SPG-62 radar illuminator to provide terminal guidance to the surface to air missiles.
  • 1 x SPS-67 surface search radar
  • It has a bow-mounted Raytheon DE1160 LF active and passive sonar for submarine detection
Álvaro de Bazán-class [Spanyol] 2
  • 1 x 127 mm Mk45 main gun for use against surface and land targets
  • For anti-air warfare, it has the Mk 41 Vertical Launch system with 48 cells for a combination of  32 SM-2MR Block IIIA (100+ km range) and 64 ESSM (50 km range, 4 missiles per cell) surface to air missiles.
  • 8 × RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles in 2 quad launchers
  • 4 × 324 mm tubes for Mk46 lightweight torpedo
  • The older generation mechanically scanning SPG-62 illuminators limit the number of targets engaged simultaneously.
4.  Iver Huitfeldt-class [Denmark]

Iver Huitfeldt-class [Denmark]
Strength: Anti-Air Warfare
Propulsion: It is powered by 4 MTU diesel engines which generate 8.2 MW each for a total of 32.8 MW of power.
Sensors:
  • The main sensor is the 4-faced APAR (Advanced Phased Array Radar). This multi-function AESA radar works in the X-band and provides target detection, tracking and engagement in360°. It has a major advantage over the SPY-1 search and SPG-62 illumination radar combination used in the Alvaro de Bazan class as the APAR can detect the incoming targets as well as provide guidance for 32 SAMs simultaneously including terminal illumination for 16 of them.
  • The Thales SMART-L radar provides long range aerial surveillance and the ability to detect and track ballistic missiles at distances of 400+ km. This AESA radar operating in the L-band is capable of tracking 1500 targets simultaneously and provides early warning.
  • There are 2 Saab CEROS 200 fire control radars to provide fire control for the 76 mm and 35 mm guns on board.
  • The Atlas ASO 94 hull mounted sonar provides submarine detection capability.
  • 32 Mk 41 VLS cells for a total of 32 SM-2 IIIA surface-to-air missiles (100+ km range)
  • Mk 56 VLS cells for 24 RIM-162 ESSM ( 50 km range)
  • 2 quad launchers for 8 Harpoon anti-ship missiles
  • 1 × Oerlikon Millennium 35 mm CIWS. This a highly advanced revolver gun with a 1000 rpm rate of fire. It uses special air-burst ammunition to destroy incoming threats.
  • 2 × OTO Melara 76 mm guns ( Will be replaced by 127 mm and 35 mm guns)
  • 2 × Dual MU90 ASW torpedo launchers
Iver Huitfeldt-class [Denmark] 2
  • Diesel-only propulsion system when compared to the cutting edge CODOG/CODELAG systems on board the other top frigates.
  • No towed array sonar
3. De Zeven Provincien class [Belanda]

De Zeven Provincien class [Netherlands]
Strength: Anti-Air Warfare
Propulsion: Combined Diesel and Gas turbine (CODAG) propulsion. The 2 x Wärtsilä diesel engines generate 4.2 MW each and the 2 × Rolls Royce Spey turbines generate 18.5 MW each, for a total of 45.4 MW
  • The main sensor is the 4-faced APAR (Advanced Phased Array Radar). This multi-function AESA radar works in the X-band and provides target detection, tracking and engagement in360°. It will be upgraded with an increased range version.
  • The Thales SMART-L radar provides long range aerial surveillance and the ability to detect and track ballistic missiles at distances of 400+ km. This AESA radar operating in the L-band is capable of tracking 1500 targets simultaneously and provides early warning. A newer version with the capability to detect and track ballistic missiles 2000+ km away will be installed in the future.
  • An Atlas Elektronik DSQS-24C hull-mounted sonar provides submarine detection capability
De Zeven Provincien class [Netherlands] 2
  • 40 cell Mk41 VLS system with 32 x SM-2 IIIA surface-to-air missiles (1 per cell) and 32 × Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles (4 per cell)
  • 1 × Oto Melara 127 mm dual-purpose gun
  • 2 × Goalkeeper CIWS with a 30 mm Gatling gun firing at 3000 rpm
  • 2 quad launchers for 8 Harpoon anti-ship missiles
  • 2 × twin torpedo launchers with  MK46 lightweight torpedoes
Cons: No towed array sonar
 
2. Sachsen class [Jerman]

Sachsen class [Germany]
Strength: Anti-Air Warfare
Propulsion: Combined Diesel and Gas turbine (CODAG) propulsion system with 1 x LM2500 gas turbine generating 23,500 kW  and 2 x MTU diesel engines generating 7.5 MW each. A total of38.5 MW of power is available for high speed cruises.
  • The main sensor is the 4-faced APAR (Advanced Phased Array Radar). This multi-function AESA radar works in the X-band and provides target detection, tracking and engagement in360°.
  • The Thales SMART-L radar provides long range aerial surveillance and the ability to detect and track ballistic missiles at distances of 400+ km. This AESA radar operating in the L-band is capable of tracking 1500 targets simultaneously and provides early warning.
  • 1 x Atlas bow-mounted sonar for detecting submarines
  • 32 Mk41 VLS cells to carry a mix of 24 SM-2 Blk IIIA  + 32 ESSM  Surface To Air Missiles. This variant of the SM-2 has a 150+ km range and serves the role as an area defence SAM. The 50 km range ESSM provides medium range air defence.
  • 2 x RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) launchers with 21 missiles each. A total of 42 missilesof 10 km range form the third layer of air defence for this frigate.
  • 2 x quad launchers for 8 Harpoon anti-ship missiles
  • 1 x 76 mm Oto Melara dual purpose gun
  • 2 x triple launchers for MU90 lightweight torpedoes
  • 2 x Rheinmetall 27 mm guns in remote weapons station
Cons: Absence of a towed array sonar limits it’s ASW capabilities.
Sachsen class [Germany] 2
1. Admiral Gorshkov class [Rusia]
Admiral Gorshkov class [Russia]
Strength: Anti-Air warfare, Anti-Submarine and Surface Warfare
Propulsion: Combined diesel and gas turbine (COGAG) propulsion with 2  diesel engines generating 3.9 MW each and 2 M90FR gas turbines producing 20.5 MW each, for a total of  49 MW of power.
  • It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs.
  • This is complemented by a Furke-4 volume search radar which is uniquely mounted on top of the main radar itself. This prevents interference and allows both radars to have unobstructed search capability.
  • Monolit 34K1 radar is used for Anti-Ship missile guidance and surface search
  • Puma fire control radar for the 130 mm gun and 2 illuminators for the Palash CIWS
  • Submarine detection capability is provided by the Zarya M bow mounted and Vinyektatowed array sonars along with the embarked Ka-27 ASW helicopter
  • 1 × 130mm A-192M primary gun
  • 16  Universal VLS cells which can be armed with P-800 Oniks (300-500 km range) anti-ship missiles, Kalibr-Nk land attack cruise missiles (2500 km range), 91RTE2 Anti-submarine missile (which drops a torpedo 50 km away)
  • Long-range air defense is provided by 32 Redut VLS cells, which can carry 32 9M96E series SAMs of 40-120 km range
  • 2  Palash CIWS with twin 30 mm Gatling guns each. It has an integrated electro-optic fire control system and 8 short range SAMs.
  • 2 pedestal mounted 14.5 mm heavy machine guns
  • It has 2 x 4 330mm torpedo tubes for the unique Paket-NK torpedoes which can engage enemy submarines as well as torpedoes, thus serving a dual role.
Kesimpulan :
Peringkat dalam artikel meletakkan penekanan pada senjata, sensor dan kemampuan multi-peran dari frigat. Grafik puncak akan menjadi yang terbaik dari kapal multi-peran. Namun perlu untuk diingat bahwa beberapa kapal dengan peringkat sedikit lebih rendah mungkin unggul dalam satu wilayah, karena mereka telah dirancang seperti itu dari awal. Setiap Angkatan Laut mungkin tidak memerlukan kapal multi-peran untuk daerah operasi mereka dan ancaman yang dihadapi sama sekali berbeda.
Kebanyakan angkatan laut Eropa meletakkan penekanan pada perang anti-udara yang mereka anggap rudal jelajah Rusia sebagai ancaman utama. Angkatan laut Asia cenderung lebih menekankan pada perang permukaan dengan mengandalkan kemampuan penuh kapal multi-peran. Saya harap daftar ini memberikan Anda ide yang baik tentang 10 frigate yang paling baik.
Defencyclopedia.com/jkgr
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